Part 1 :: Configuration on AWS: VyOS

Hello Guys,

This is the first part of our tutorial which aims at establishing a VPN between Azure and AWS using Openswan and VyOS. In this tutorial we will only focus on AWS side of things. I will also assume that you have a fair idea of what AWS is and what it offers therefore won’t go too much in details in how to go about basic things.

Here is the plan of actions on AWS:

  • Create codingpains VPC
  • Create a public and private subnets
  • Create a private route table
  • Create an Internet Gateway (IGW)
  • Attach the IGW to the VPC
  • Map route tables to subnets
  • Configure public subnet
  • Create an Elastic IP (EIP)
  • Create Security Groups
  • Create and import login keypair
  • Launch VyOS into the codingpains VPC
  • Assign static EIP
  • Upgrade VyOS
  • Prepare VyOS box
  • Create 2 boxes behind VyOS

Creating coding pains Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)

In order to have a VPN working we needed to have a network in the first place. AWS gives that functionality under their VPC offering. We will be creating a network (We are in a AWS us-east-1 region but it’s not relevant for our tutorial).

Under VPC click on the button Create VPC and give it the name you want. I have given it codingpains name like shown in the following email

Creating a network in aws

Creating public and private subnets

Once we have our network we can start creating different segment of it. We need 2 subnets for this experiment to be realistic enough. A public subnet where our own VPN box VyOS will be launched and a private subnet where we could launch other nodes to be accessible over the VPN Below are the details of the subnets

codingpains-public-subnet-a (
codingpains-private-subnet-b (

On the VPC page click on the subnets link and click on the “Create Subnet” button

Creating public subnet in the availablity zone A
Creating private subnet in the availability zone B

Create route table

Upon creation of the VPC a default route table has been created. We will configure it to be our public table. We will now create another route table that we will attach to our private subnet. Like shown in the picture below the VPC was created with the route table rtb-c3e396bb

Details of codingpains VPC

In the same left column on the VPC page, click on route tables link and click on “Create Route Table” button

Creating route table for private subnet

Creating an Internet Gateway

We needed to create this internet gateway in order to have anything in our subnets reachable on the internet. This is what makes our public subnet “public”. Locate and click on “Internet Gateways” link on the left column and click on “Create Internet Gateway” button

Creating our Internet Gateway
Showing Internet Gateway Details

Attaching IGW to the VPC

When the IGW is created as shown above it’s pretty useless unless assigned to a VPC. To have the VPC reachable on the internet, we needed to assign the IGW to the VPC by clicking on the “Attach VPC” and choose our VPC

Linking Internet Gateway to VPC

And the image below shows what it should look like after it’s been linked

Showing Internet Gateway after it’s being linked

Mapping route table to the subnets

We will need to assign the route table to their respective subnets

Linking route table to Subnet

Configuring the public subnet

To make one subnet a public one we needed to create a rule on its route table and attach the destination to our IGW

Creating rule for internet access

Creating a public static IP

Technically a VPN can still be possible without assigning a static IP but for sake of simplicity we will do what’s common. Locate and click on the “Elastic IPs” link to open the EIP page and click on “Allocate new Address” to sort of “reserve” our IP to be used later on the VyOS box.

Creating a static IP for our VPN Box

Create Security Groups

In order to access our VyOS box and subsequent boxes that we might create we needed to plan for how the access will be provided. First of all We will be creating 3 security groups:

  • CondingPainsVPNBoxSecGroup: Allows us to configure rules on packet from the Azure VPN
  • CodingPainsAppSecGroup: Allows us to configure rules on packet from boxes behind the Azure VPN to reach out to boxes behind our VyOS VPN
  • CodingPainsOpsSecGroup: ALlows ssh and various access to all the boxes in AWS
Security Group for the VPN Box itself

Since we don’t know the static IP on the Azure side yet this security group would be empty

Creating security group for app access

We also don’t know the apps we will be creating on the Azure side so this will also be empty for now

Security Group for direct access to all boxes

Here we allow access to my temporal static IP from my ISP.

Creating and import pem key for login

For the simplicity sake I plan to use the same key pair for boxes in both azure and aws. AWS would have created one for me to download if I opted to but it’s going to be only the private key I would use for login. But if I planned to use the same key in azure, then I needed to have the public key as well to have it inside the box authorized_keys file. We need to create our own key pair using ssh-keygen utility in linux:

We also need to to give the file the right permission.

In order to use this key in aws we needed to have imported it. Locate and click onthe keypair link on the left panel of the EC2 page and click on “import key” button. In the panel upload your .pub file (public key) and give it a name like shown on the pick below

Importing created public key from the key pair

Launching VyOS into the codingpains VPC

VyOS AMI is available on the AWS marcketplace and for some weird reason, when you search for it at the time of writing this, you won’t find it. That wasn’t the case 2 months ago and I could get the link to the product from a subscription email they has sent me earlier. So click on this aws vyos link to get to the product place. Page should be similar to the image below

VyOS product page on aws

Let’s click on “Continue” button to configure our VyOS box

We will be using the “Manual” installation option and below are the settings for each section

Your steps through the wizard should be looking like images below and Oh, it will cost you about $9/month. But you can like me kill this as soon as the experiment is completed at the end of the part 3 of the article

Instance configuration
Creating an 8GB storage for the box
Adding Name Tag
Adding VPN and OPS security groups
VyOS review
Choosing the adequate keypair

Assigning static IP

Now that our box is up, we will need to assign its public static IP to it. In the Elastic IPs page, right click the IP > click on associate address > choose the Vyos instance on the page like shown below

Assigning public static IP

Upgrading VyOS

We will need to login to the box and attempt and upgrade from version 1.1.0 that was available on the marketplace. From the listing on vyos release page the version 1.1.7 is the latest at the time of writing this tutorial.

let’s log in

Let’s start the upgrade

We will need to reboot the node in order to have the new image running

After a reboot this is what we have

Prepare VyOS box

On aws as well, we needed to allow free flow of packet on the VyOS node

How to disable Source and Destination check on aws is just few click away. When you locate the not from the aws console right right > networking > change src/dest check > Click on Disable.

Disable source and destination check

Create 2 boxes behind VyOS

In order to simulate a multi tunnel VPN I needed to have a more realistic scenario where it’s not always the case where full /24 or /20 network is allowed as encryption domain. To do that let’s create 2 boxes t2.nano boxes to act like applications behind the VyOS box. They will be called codingpains-1 codingpains-2. Below are images of Aws instance summary page to give you an idea. I have specified the private IPs while creating the instances so we have and

summary page for codingpains 1
Summary page for codingpains-2

Setting up codingpains 1 app box

Here again we will use nginx for simple simulation. Nginx will be running on the default port , we will just modify the default index.nginx-debian.html page with our own below

Let’s install nginx

Setting up codingpains 2 app box

Since this box is not in a public subnet, it can’t be reached as it doesn’t have any public IP. The only way is to use the codingpains-1 box to get there. But again, codingpains-2 won’t know how to make outbound connection to some repos to get nginx installed. For that we needed to have a NAT gateway and assign it to the public subnet, then create a route table rule to forward all outbound request to it. Obviously the NAT gateway would need a static ip and that can be done on the fly while creating the NAT gateway

Creating our NAT gateway
Assigning NAT gateway to our private subnet

I have copied the pem key to codingpains-1 box so I can login using the command below

I have a similar configuration like other boxes having nginx to run on port 8080 this time around. Our html and default vhost files are shown below, we will set them up and test them

Let’s head to part 2 to install openswan on azure

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